Independent Manipur, best way to preserve identity: PREPAK (Pro)
IMPHAL | Oct 8
The chairman of the outlawed PREPAK (Progressive), L. Paliba M, on the occasion of the outfit’s 43rd raising day has extended revolutionary salute to all the departed souls in the course of liberation struggle.
In a lengthy statement, the chairman has also conveyed deepest regards to all the communities and fraternal revolutionary organisations, and on the occasion has shared his thoughts to the public.
Deviously Created India:
The statement said the history of annexation in India is not always in a natural and democratic process. Two princely States of Gujarat namely Manavadar which was a tiny state in size and Junagadh had been acceded to Pakistan by the then rulers. But the Indian Government had dispatched many police forces to this region and imposed economic blockades, it said.
Further the statement recounted, “Rulers and heads of the state had been driven out of this region and many officials were arrested. Taking chances of this situation, referendums were conducted in these two States on February 1948 and eventually these States acceded to India. Later, Government of India deployed armies under the codename ‘Operation Polo’ and ‘Operation Vijay’ and then annexed Hyderabad and Goa respectively. The popular election of Sikkim held in 1947 had rejected the proposal of Sikkim to be part of India, and so Sikkim was an independent kingdom. Despite earlier rejection, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi along with the RAW conspired and ordered the Indian Armies to take control of Sikkim and detain the king. Thereafter Sikkim was annexed by India under the controversial Referendum of 14 April 1975 that allowed many Indians to vote. Referring to such illegitimate incidence, the Prime Minister Morarji Desai said in New York Times (1978) that ‘the annexation of Sikkim is an undesirable step’.”
“By putting Maharaja Budhachandra of Manipur under house arrest, he was forced to sign the Merger Agreement instead of holding referendum. A big question remains still in the mind of Manipuri people of why and how plebiscite was not held in Manipur as it was done in other similar princely states and why the Durbar members were not also advised to express their opinion. India has not yet replied. It shows that there was apprehension among the Indian leaders to seek public opinion and it implicitly marks a big question. Manipur was well advanced in enacting the constitution and started its administration under popular election system as compared to India. This made Indian leaders uncertainand hazy about the people of Manipur that they might not like to join the newly independent India. Moreover, various agencies provided intelligence inputs to Indian leaders that it might not be successful in integrating Manipur if referendum was held. Similarly, since Kashmiri people did not like to join India freely, the Indian intelligent agencies reported to the then Indian leaders that the UN sponsored plebiscite would not come in favor of India. This was the main reason that the UN Resolution on Kashmir Plebiscite was not implemented by the Indian government”, it said.
The chairman’s statement continued, “Many princes of Hindu majority states met the future Pakistan leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah and discussed with him about the terms of merger with Pakistan. Travancore and Hyderabad declared their willingness to be independent kingdoms, and even disclosed their closeness with Pakistan. Two political developments shocked the Indian leaders. They were closeness with the Pakistan and their willingness to be independent kingdom by Hindu princes and Hindu majority princely states. Due to these reasons, Indian leaders had started exploring the means of “Carrot and Stick Policy” to subdue princely states by integrating into New India. With the aim of changing the hearts of Princes, Government of India announced its official policy on July 7,1947 that three subjects namely Defense, Foreign Affairs and Communication as mentioned in the Instrument of Accession (IOA) would be the only foundation to integrate princely states into India and there would be no other subjects to merge into India. Apart from this, idea of “Privy purse” was also introduced to entrap the princes in the good version of maintaining status and guaranteeing their properties.”
“With both hard and soft exertion, Indian Government had reached an agreement with about 562 princely states under the Instrument of Accession (IOA) during June and August 15, 1947. Later, some princely states had expressed to join into India through IOA, shaping India into a “Union of States”. So, the Article 370 of Indian Constitution reflects ‘Federalism’ and it recognized IOA respectfully. The signing of the IOA by the two sovereign states of India and Jammu Kashmir on 26 October,1947 rooted into making of Article 370 reflecting Federalism in India’s polity. That Article showed the recognition and respect of the IOA by the Indian Constitution. Forgetting the history of Kashmir, Indian Government has recently revoked the statehood of Jammu and Kashmir and bifurcated it into two union territories by undemocratically abrogating Article 370. This was done by deploying many security forces in that region and arresting many popular leaders. We must understand that India was created by coercing many unwilling princes but luckily it did not happen to Kashmiri Maharaja in 1947-48. Now, so it started the mainstream history of unlawful creation of India vis a vis Kashmir”, it maintained.
“Indian government is acting just like a tyrant. It has been trying to rein in the independent agencies and institutions such as CBI, ED, NIA and Supreme Court by making them its henchmen in order to consolidate its despotic administration. At present, there are two laws in India: one is to silence the voice of the innocent people and oppress the political opposition; and other is to pour more power to the ruling groups”, it added.
Mythological Bharat in India’s Shadow:
Paliba further said, “The Indian Constitution defines India as very briefly as “that is Bharat”. But what is Bharat is undefined and hidden which baffles the common people. But it also seems that Indian leaders are not confused. They know the implication of Puranic Bharat (Akhand Bharat) which had been concealed in the “Idea of India”. Even though there are two names for this country, but the aggregated political power is under the ambit of Centre. This is totally against the Principle of Union of States and Federalism. While the Article 3 of Indian Constitution can dismantle the states on one side, Article 2 can expand India to achieve the ends of “Puranic Bharat” on the other side. Former Prime minister Nehru had tried to implement his infamous “Forward Policy” to covertly achieve “Hidden Bharat” by deploying many Indian armies in frontlines and even beyond Indian territory to occupy it. India faced a humiliating defeat in Indo-China war 1962, thanks to the unrealistic and wrongful foundation of the Forward Policy. Contradictorily, Nehru himself did not follow his “Forward Policy” in relation to Manipur boundary.”
Furthermore, it said, “Many European writers said in 19th Century that India was not a unified country and so that was not a unitary civilization. It is a fact that British colonial power unified and created India as one nation and one country. British occupied India with the sole objective of economic interest. But India annexed Manipur with the aim of establishing a buffer state for exploring natural resources by rooting out our civilization.
Lacking a cemented unified history for India as this country was founded by British, India embarrassingly has now produced two fathers of nation namely Mahatma Gandhi and Narendra Modi. US President Trump has recently given a title of “father of India” to the current PM Narendra Modi. We should not trust the political characters of India which has two fathers and a hidden country’s name.”
Present Frangible Manipur:
The chairman’s statement went on, “It is time to be aware of the facts that there is not a single elected MLA, minister or chief minister whose memorial celebrations are being observed by the people as to that level of Comrade Irabot during these years of India’s rule. Those, who were believers of Indian polity, have never been respected by the Indian leaders as national leaders. We know that it will never happen in future as well.
Our economic foundations for self-determination are all rooted out while we have been living under Indian occupation. These foreign mainland Indians have taken control of all means of livelihood by violating market norms and rules. Money powered, caste-based and class-based election campaign system of Hindi-speaking states have been imitated as general policy in election campaigns. The negative definition of politics as “winning the vote by any means” has been followed openly. These seventy years captivation has awarded Manipuri people the “Dependency Syndrome”. The prolonged political and economic hostage under India has made the people of Manipur suffering from Stockholm Syndrome which means sympathetic tendency toward their captors. This mind-degenerating syndrome is very obnoxious, and it has adverse effect in the long term.”
It further continued, “Majority of the currently elected representative members were once shameless highest-income earners. They had collected unimaginable amount of money by means of arresting and killing innocent people. They became billionaires through the supply and contract works. Their shrinking moral values will never bring prosperity and welfare into our society. Majority of these people do not have their own political stand and their mental attitude is that money can always win election. There are many proofs that these people lack quality to develop the state. Those, who pose themselves as public leaders, will never be able to protect our 2000 plus years old political, cultural, natural and human resources from the clutches of India. Could they courageously fight to change the degraded political and economic status against India? The mind-set of these people for amassing wealth and the obsession of these people that getting boon from Delhi will always win the election, are never easy to change. History will never forgive those who are being guided by self-interest while the common people are being kept under colonial India.”
New Multipronged Strategy of India:
Paliba’s statement added, “Indian government has recently embarked on a new design of “Opium War” which allows a few persons to openly manufacture and sale of drugs in Manipur. Government also indirectly supports and gives incentives for cultivating opium plants. Arresting very few and destroying some drug factories are being done but it is just like whitewashing people’s apprehension. While creating chaos among ethnic communities to promote disunity and conflict, indigenous people are being marginalized by drug related deaths and these cases are due to availability of large scales drugs in the region. Minimizing indigenous people to maximize the number of outsiders with the support of “Indian Migration War” is the most dangerous policy of Ethnic Cleansing. State government doesn’t have the powerful laws to oppose such type of “Opium war, Migration War and Ethnic Cleansing Policy”. It is also known that the means of getting such power will face many hindrances in terms of ethnic and political bombs.”
Highlighting on the hegemonic policies, Paliba’s statement said, “The everlasting influence of the cultural invasion into the region with the slogans of Hindutva as a strategy of cultural annexation has been put on rolling. Now, Hindi language is forcefully imposed upon as everybody’s mother language. Many local leaders also overtly support this policy. The embedded foreign culture conflated into our indigenous traditions has caused degeneration of our society. Knowing the roots causing degeneration of our society, the state leaders should dedicate themselves to prevent it from further degeneration. Many developed countries have invested heavily to utilize cultural power as main source of “Soft Power” which can earn the respect and, also influence other countries. The objectives of Indian policies of education, culture and human resource development are to dominate the ethnic minorities. We need to resist these hegemonic policies, rather it will be more dangerous to our society.”
On the right to national self-determination, the statement maintained, “Government of India has accepted the resolutions of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) but India redefines wrongly the Article 1 of ICCPR as “Right to Self Determination must be applied only to the peoples under foreign domination, and it must not be applied to any sovereign independent States or to a section of a people or nation which is the essence of national integrity”. Manipur was never a part of Integral India, how come independent Manipur would disintegrate India? Is it right to say that Manipur is not being colonized by India? This is the outburst from those who has no knowledge of the history of Manipur. The pressing matter of Self Determination of our people is the logical outcome as India annexed Manipur without any referendum. By colonizing Manipur, India dodged on one side and on the other side indulges in the habit of bragging very loudly that the right to self-administration is incorporated by conducting five yearly election in Manipur. India-supervised election cannot be considered as the willingness of Manipuri people to join India and safeguarding India’s territory jointly by the people of Manipur. Such election is out of question from the point of Right to National Self-Determination.”
The statement continued, “The indigenous culture, religion, economic and social infrastructures of Manipur, are not being conserved and protected by the Indian Government. Rather, these infrastructures are forcefully being pushed into the Hindu domain and there is conspiracy to break the administration and territorial boundary of Manipur. This socio-cultural domination is the violation of Vienna Declaration of 1993 and International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR).”
Furthermore, it said, “It may be understood from the frequent expression of Indian leaders that they wanted a homogenous identity for India with all people speaking Hindi language and have the physical appearance of northern Indians. The Article 370 which was supposed to protect the rights and identity of the people for Jammu and Kashmir, was abrogated on the false logic that this Article will hinder to unite India. Now, we may assume that the provisions which empower the tribal people of North East India might be erased soon in future, as such special status would hamper the unification of India, considering the government rhetoric regarding the abrogation of Article 370. It is a matter of time and once the administrative advantage is arrived such special provisions will be removed. So, the minority ethnic people in North East India do not have their future in India and it is sure that they will lose their identities so long as they live within India. If they want to live with dignity and protect their identity, then the only way and means is to separate themselves from India. We should not live in pipe dream by expecting protection and goodness from the Indian political liars and their Constitution. Lastly, I would like to appeal to our esteemed citizens that the best way to preserve our identity is to live separately as independent India and independent Manipur.”
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