‘Suicide tendency very high amongst drug users’
Globally, one million people die annually by suicide and one death by suicide happens every 40 seconds as per a report by WHO. In Manipur, suicide tendency is very high amongst drug users, there is an urgent need to stop drug abuse, said director of Health Services, K. Rajo.
He was speaking at the World Suicide Prevention Day observation held under the theme, ‘Working together to prevent suicide’ organised jointly by National Mental Health Programme, State Health Society, NHM Manipur and Indian Psychiatric Society, Manipur State Branch at IMA Hall.
He said the socio economic changes, stress and strains are the risk factors of suicide. Suicide cases also increase due to suffering from mental illnesses like depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, impulsive disorder and substance abuse. The highest frequency of suicide rates are caused among the age group of 15 to 25 years though few old age people are also prone to committing suicides, he said. Preventive measures may be taken up by improving better socio economic conditions, he said. And a person who has early detection of mental illness can be prevented from committing suicide through treatment, he added.
He added that a person who previously attempted suicide is likely to attempt suicide again and awareness to prevent such incidents from happening is needed by all stakeholders.
Suicide can be prevented, said associate professor and HOD department of JNIMS Psychiatry, Dr. K. Shantibala Devi. Most of the common cause of suicide is psychiatric illness while depression contributes 80 percent, schizophrenia, 10 percent and alcoholic abuse, 10 percent etc., she stated.
Suicide is a significant public mental health problem, she further said while adding risk factors are multi factorial and multidimensional. High index of suspicion and early recognition is important to prevent suicides, she added.
The programme was attended by president Indian Psychiatric Society, Manipur State Branch, Dr. S. Manikanta, additional director of Health Services Manipur, Dr. P. Shyamsundar, professor and HOD department of Psychiatry RIMS, professor, R.K Lenin.
World Suicide Prevention Day observation was also held at District Hospital Duigailong, Tamenglong. It was organised by District Mental Health Programme, District Health Society-Tamenglong under the theme of ‘Working together to prevent Suicide’.
The programme was attended by DC of Tamenglong, Armstrong Pame; CMO, Tamenglong Dr Chambo Gonmei and manager of Canara Bank, Tamenglong, Dinimang Daimai as chief guest, president and guest of honour respectively.
District AIDS control officer of Tamenglong and DNO NCD Cell, Dr. G. Majachunglu who attended the event as resource person, spoke on the topic of “suicide” along with a presentation displayed on a big screen.
Armstrong Pame, in his speech as chief guest, urged the people not to take extreme steps of committing suicide but to look forwards towards for a better life while also reminding that “One cannot take one’s life.”
Dr Chambo Gonmei further stated the World Suicide Prevention Day is being observed for the first time in Tamenglong thought it has been observed since 2003. “The observation was organised in order to make the people aware of suicide and the results why many people commits suicide,” he said while also mentioning that there are many methods of committing suicide. “There are many controversial problems in society which arises from the confusion between suicide cases and people being murdered and hanged by someone,” he added.
On a side-note, Dr Chambo Gonmei urged the Deputy Commissioner of Tamenglong to kindly address the issues of deplorable conditions of the approach road to the District Hospital and its water problems at the earliest. He also urged all citizens of Tamenglong to give support and cooperation to all Para-medical staff so that they will be able to provide better service to the people.
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