1929 cases of TB death recorded from 2001 to 2018 in Manipur
To build awareness of the fact that Tuberculosis (TB) today remains an epidemic in many parts of the world, causing deaths of the millions of people each year in third world countries, World TB Day is being observed annually in the world. For this year, the 38th World TB Day under theme ‘It is time to end TB, 2025’ will be held on March 24.
Addressing a press meet held at STD/IRL Hall R and D Wing Medical Directorate, Lamphelpat programme co-ordinator of State TB Cell Manipur, Dr. Chisty stated that March 24 commemorates the day in year 1882 when Dr. Robert Koch astounded the scientific community by announcing that he had discovered the cause of TB, the bacterium, TB Bacillus.
At the time of Koch’s announcement in Berlin, TB was raging through Europe and America, causing the death of one out of every seven people, he said. Koch’s discovery opened the way toward diagnosing and curing TB, so this day is celebrated a as world TB day, he further said.
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. It is an air borne disease. There are two types of TB: Pulmonary TB, Extra-Pulmonary TB. Pulmonary TB is mainly affect lungs. An untreated pulmonary patient can spread TB 10-15 healthy person per year. Extra-Pulmonary TB can affect any part of human body like lymph nodes, pleura, bones, brain, joint skill etc. But it cannot spread to other persons. TB cannot affect hair and nails. Some of the symptoms of TB are coughing for more than 2 week or more, coughing of blood, localised chest pain, shortness of breath, night sweat, loss of appetite, lost of weight etc.
In India every year, 28.4 lakh TB patients are recorded, out of which 4.8 lakh patients are killed by the disease.
He said the goal of Revised National TB Control Program (RNTCP) is to decrease the mortality and morbidity due to TB infection. The set National Strategic Plans are active case finding among the vulnerability high risk groups and to achieve: early detection and reduce social stigma, to increase knowledge of TB to generate mass awareness, to achieve 90 percent TB notification rate for all cases, to achieve 90 percent success rate for all new and 85 percent for re-treatment case, to significantly improve the successful out-comes of treatment of DR TB cases, to achieve decreased morbidity and mortality of HIV associated TB, to improve outcomes of TB case in the private sector, to follow up the cases for 2 years after treatment completion and test every 6 monthly to rule out the infection, to provide nutritional support during the treatment completion and test every 6 monthly to rule out the infection, to provide nutritional support during the Treatment at Rs. 500 per month, he added.
“Patient friendly approach is our attitude. The target is covering the private sector because 50 percent of the people go to Private clinic and other nursing homes etc. there is need for quality and standards care for TB case and proper follow-up to tackle proper care and medication for relapse TB cases,” he added.
In Manipur, Sputum Smear Microscopy-Zeihl Nelson staining-Fluorescene staining, Rapid Molecules Test-CBNAAT, X-Ray, Tuberculin Skin test, solid culture are liquid culture are conducted.
Different activities have been taken up under State TB cell, Manipur, he added.
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