Northeast

Manipur Chief Minister N Biren Singh announces commencement of three criminal laws

Mob lynching to attract death penalty

ByIFP Bureau

Updated 1 Jul 2024, 5:11 pm

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The three new criminal laws have come into effect in India from July 1, 2024 with Manipur Chief Minister N Biren Singh announcing the implementation of three criminal laws at the Manipur State Film Development Society in Imphal on Monday.

The three criminal laws are Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS) 2023, the Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS), 2023 and the Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam (BSA), 2023. These three have replaced the British-era Indian Penal Code, 1860, the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 and the Indian Evidence Act, 1872, respectively.

Addressing the gathering, CM Biren said the three new criminal laws will bring in a modern justice system, incorporating provisions such as filing zero-FIR at any police station, online registration of police complaints etc.

Issues of justice delay and justice deny, that cause huge burden to poor victim will be very helpful with a provisions for maximum of two adjournments in court case, said Biren.

He also informed that under new laws, FIRs can be filed in one's own dialect.

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"Those who are very interested in mob lynching should be very cautious this time as the new criminal laws have provision of punishing individuals who are involved in mob lynching by life imprisonment or death penalty", the CM warned.

He recalled that the state cabinet had passed the mob lynching law and sent it to centre for approval but the centre had responded that mob lynching law will come for India.

The new laws overhaul the Indian criminal justice system, he said, adding that they aim to implement justice through a victim centric approach, increasing focus on national security and introducing digital/ electronic evidence reviews.

Implementing agencies is important while coming to implementation of the three laws that replaced the British era IPC, CrPC and Indian Evidence Act, said Biren, adding that if those implementing agencies including security officers, lawyers are not sincere then the laws will not serve their purpose.

CM Biren appealed to all to work with sincerity and with conviction to help in delivering justice to the people.

He said other major changes include revisions in punishment for few crimes, and addressing issues such as the jurisdiction, backlog of cases, insufficient human resources and infrastructure, inadequate investigations and prosecutions, and outdated laws and procedures.

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Law and legislative affairs minister Th Basantakumar highlighted Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS), 2023, in the corporate context. The penal sections of law mostly relate to cases of Cheating, Criminal misappropriation, Breach of trust, Forgery and used of forged documents, the minister said.

He also highlighted key feature of Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS), 2023 and said it defines additional types of electronic evidence, empowers courts and police officers to issue summons in cases where digital evidence is involved, clarifies jurisdictions in cheating cases involving electronic modes of deception and empowers Courts to ask for electronic filings in cases where documents are voluminous.

The Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam (BSA), 2023 has expanded definition of ‘document’ to include electronic and digital records and includes examples of such records, expanded definition of documentary evidence to include electronic/digital records, classified electronic evidence as primary evidence when produced from ‘proper custody’ and broadened the definition of ‘Experts’ to include more areas of expertise.

He said Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS), 2023 has provisions for community service. The earlier laws focused mostly on the punishment of the culprits rather than the rehabilitation of the culprits, he said, adding that these new laws have a victim centric approach.

The function was also attended cabinet ministers and MLAs, chief secretary, Vineet Joshi, DGP Rajiv Singh, Administrative Secretaries, senior police officials, eminent law officers, law students among others.

 

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n biren singhBharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyamcriminal lawsBharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS) 2023Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS) 2023

IFP Bureau

IFP Bureau

IMPHAL, Manipur

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