Imphal Free Press - Imphal Free Press
Tuesday, 12 September 2017 00:00

Jwalamukhi Bn distributes solar lights

IMPHAL | Sept 11

Jwalamukhi Battalion distributed solar lights to orphan children of Agape Orphanage Home at of Kangpokpi district on September 7, said a release by PIB Defence.

It said, a senior JCO of 38 Assam Rifles interacted with children and staff of Agape Orphanage Home and enquired about their wellbeing, accommodation and health. A lecture was also delivered on the aspects of life in armed forces and the procedures for joining Indian Army through various entry schemes and other civil professional.

Published in News

IMPHAL | Sept 11

The Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) has reiterated that the damage caused by the recent floods in the state was heightened by the construction of numerous dams and hydropower projects, none of which had been subjected to Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) as mandated by the law. 

A release said the floods that took place in mid-June in Northeast India severely impacted the lives and livelihood of over 17 lakh persons, many of whom were displaced from their home villages.

It said the Ithai barrage constructed under the Loktak Multipurpose Hydroelectric Project and the Pare Hydro Power Project were created despite protests from local communities, who live downstream from these projects and faced great loss and severe damage, when these dams inevitably overflow during the monsoon season.

On September 3, there was a consultation on this matter attended by parties including the Loktak Project Affected Areas Action Committee, Mapithel Dam Affected Villagers Organisation, JAC-Mapithel Dam Downstream Affected Peoples, Loktak Fisheries Welfare Association, Centre for Research and Advocacy, Manipur, and the Committee on Human Rights, it added. 

Further it said the parties unanimously decided to petition the state and central governments to decommission problematic projects, including the Ithai Barrage project, the Tipaimukh dam, Pabram dam, as well as oil exploration projects all over the state.

The AHRC stands with the groups and organisations in demanding an independent Environmental Impact Assessment and ensure people’s participation during the commissioning and decommissioning of large projects that could have a deleterious effect on their lives, environment and livelihoods, it added.

The release continued most of the projects in the state are financed by external entities, such as the Asian Developmental Bank and the Japan International Cooperation Agency. These institutions do not appear to take the wishes of residents into account, despite residents being the biggest stakeholders in such projects, due to the direct impact on their well-being.

Under the Hydro Power Policy of 2012, there was a proposal to construct ten dams across the rivers in Manipur, despite the failure of most hydro projects/dams in the state, it said, adding in addition to these failures, the entities responsible for monitoring the projects – the North Eastern Electric Power Coorporation (NEEPCO) and the National Hydroelectric Power Coorporation (NHPC) – are negligent in their administration, as evidenced by constant delays in opening dam gates during floods.

Moreover, these entities are concerned with maximum power generation rather than the good of the people, creating a situation of conflicting interests, wherein corporate interests are given precedence over the rights of the residents, it pointed out.

The release emphasised in addition to the impact on the people, these projects have a marked adverse impact on the ecosystem, and in particular on indigenous communities in the area. The social and environmental impacts of the project have direct implications for indigenous communities, most of who depend on agricultural activities for their livelihood. 

The Central and State governments must take note of the adverse effect of these projects on the lives of residents in the area, as well as the fact that many of these constructions are unlawful, due to them being undertaken without fulfilling requirements under the relevant environmental laws, it added.

Published in News

Ram Madhav delivers Chinmayananda memorial lecture

IMPHAL | Sept 11

We should think what we can contribute for the development and welfare of the nation. People should not be merely  rights seekers, we need to work to such an extent that each and every citizen of this country gets their due respect in foreign countries.  

This was stated by chief minister, N. Biren, speaking as the chief guest at the ‘Swami Chinmayananda Memorial Lecture’ held at INA memorial hall, Moirang today. The lecture was organised by Chinmaya Mission.

Biren continued we have to leave negative thoughts so that there would be positive change, prosperity and inclusive growth in the country. He appealed to the people to abandon the mind-set to work only for their personal benefits but rather work in bringing inclusive development in the State.

He further stated that we need to organise such talk, lectures and conferences in our State so that we could think, mould and share wide knowledge to the present generation.

On the occasion, chief minister announced that photography would be allowed inside the premises of INA museum from today.

While delivering the lecture on “Vision of India through the eyes of Swami Vivekananda and Swami Chinmayananda”, national general secretary of BJP, Ram Madhav said people should become stakeholders to transform the country into a ‘New India’.

He stated that the government is not talking about reformation but for complete transformation of the country. If we want to become New India, it is the responsibility of the people and come forward to make a Swachh and corruption free India, he added.

He mentioned that in the next 5 years, India would become poverty free and corruption free country and no single person would be living in poverty by 2022. The government will have zero tolerance on terrorism and corruption, he added.

Praising Manipur as the land of prosperity, Ram Madhav said that Indian culture is incomplete without the rich Manipuri Culture. The objective of the new BJP led government is to bring peace and normalcy in the State.

The government is committed in restoring peace and saving territorial integrity of the State, he added. He further stated that knowledge without love is not a true knowledge. Let us commit ourselves to work and serve with love for the betterment of the society and country.

Stating that Swami Vivekananda was a true patriot, saint, social reformer, he stated that in his short life of 40 years, he had performed, contributed and accomplished a lot not only for the country but to the entire mankind.

He further stated that an individual should have pride of the past and give respect to it. Our society needs to discard bad things and embrace good things for the growth and development of the society, he added.

Mentioning the present illiteracy, corruption, blind beliefs prevailing in the country he appealed the people to feel the pain of the present and should work to reform the present.

Minister for forest and environment, Th. Shyamkumar, regional head, Chinmaya Mission (Chennai) Swami Mitrananda, advisor (HR and Economic Affairs) to CM MLA, P. Sharatchandra Singh, chairman MPSC Lt. General (Retd.) Himalaya Konsam, commandant, Military Intelligence Training School and Depot, Pune Lt. General L.N. Singh, Professor Amar Yumnam of MU, vice-chairman Manipur Infrastructure Development Agency (MIDA) M. Asnikumar Singh attended the function.

Published in News
Tuesday, 12 September 2017 00:00

More on rights

From might is right to human rights, it has been a long road to civilization. The trouble is, so very often, our land of milk and honey has been showing the tendency to regress to its past, and so the barrel of the gun has too often for comfort been the tool for writing and determining what it right. Those who invoke history and conjure up images of the glorious past, beware. Every history has its own cruelties and injustices, and come to think of it, this has precisely been the driving force behind the emergence of the universal concept of human rights. If histories were completely just, and if there were a guarantee the state institution would never violate the rights of individual citizens, why would there ever have been a need for a movement to challenge the state on its ability to safeguard the rights of citizens. In the sense of its show of healthy skepticism at taking anything as absolute and beyond challenge, the evolution of the idea of human rights, in our opinion a subliminal essence of civilization. Indeed the movement does not recognize geography or regional politics, and enters into the realm of the transcendental. It is a shared concern of the modern world that rights violation can come even from the state which is avowedly meant to protect them. The concern is as profound and so also as serious as the anxiety today of the need to protect the earth’s environment. But like in the environment movement, whereby the emphasis has been to think globally but act locally, it is our earnest feeling that some legitimate, justifiable regional variation of the perception of a right have to be accommodated into the human rights movement too. For, it goes without saying that what is food for one can sometimes turn out to be poison for another.

There is a great deal of European history in today’s concept of human rights. In it is reflected the whole history of the liberation of the individual from the feudal yoke that bound Europe in a vice like grip for centuries. The progress in this liberation process can be scaled from the landmark Magna Carta of 1215, through Oliver Cromwell, the French Revolution, Napoleon, the October Revolution, the world wars in between, with the unimaginable violence and atrocities, the hallmarks of which were the two atom bombs and the holocaust. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the United Nations is a culmination of all the romance and horrors of these historical milestones. The East came in very late in this long drawn out struggle, and hence it is only now that its sensibilities and understanding of the concept of human rights is beginning to have some reflections in this new wave – this too through the minds of the Westernised elite amongst them. This has to be the reason why it is sometimes difficult for common folks to understand the Western concept of justice. Equally, we can understand the West being confused by the East own understanding of justice and rights. Can we truly understand all the fuss in the West over alimony, divorce, inheritance etc. Even a cursory look at a few of the clauses of the Human Rights charter will establish this. Take for instance the para that guarantees right to form trade union. In non industrialised agrarian societies such as Manipur, how is this particular right relevant except in acknowledgment that history follows a linear trajectory and therefore the need to anticipate that one day or the other our society too would face the problems industralised societies now face.

Human Rights has come to be defined largely on Western understanding of individual rights primarily because the West has been more outspoken while the East has all too often relied on instinct and instinctual understanding of their problems, and have seldom been articulate enough to communicate this understanding to those outside their own cultures. Those in the media would understand this characteristics much more intimately. As for instance Manipur is today known for its grassroots activism, for example the Meira Paibi movement. The people do understand very much what they perceive as their rights and when they have been wronged. They are also most willing to make their minds known through action. Social discourse has however never been our forte, but it is time we changed. Westernisation is a reality today. We have adopted the Western model of democracy which has been described as a “rule by debate”. Let our enlightened intelligentsia keep this in mind and shoulder the responsibilities which come with this expectation.

Published in Editorial
Tuesday, 12 September 2017 00:00

The Indomitable Faith of Martyrdom

Our Nation is indebted to patriotic martyrdom of the countrymen.

The works of martyrs were written by the ink of blood but their histories were written by the sweats and strains of scholars. All the deeds of great men of the distant past are the lighthouse of faith and courage for the present and poster generations. The pride, glory and prestige of the nation would be lost and gone to naught if citizens forget to honor their heroes and heroines Oral and written account of the past patriots has kept alive and restores the forgotten history that the present generation may straighten and strengthen the way of life of the nation.

To build a Nation and people is to honor and respect its heroes and heroines of the past and exemplify them in our persons in the present The present generation and posterity may find rest and hope in the spirit of nationalism displayed by our patriots. The height and pride of patriotism shown by the past patriots are the model and spirit for our time to reflect. Our historic forces have not been given a memory and due place in our society. This is our grievous mistake committed and regretted. For a people and a nation to rise to height of glory and greatness, the people must have a common n^emory of their great heroes' heroines and be proud of the triumphs and achievements they gained. The British rose to height of world admiration because they had great heroes and heroines to admire and to be inspired. Japan rose to height of world economic triumphant from a humiliating military defeat. All nations that rose to great heights are made of their great men's vision and mission achieved. Do we value, admire and appreciate our heroes? We rise or fall on how we think and value on what we believe.

We commemorate the martyrdom of Jadonang every year on 29th August to pay our highest homage to him, as one of the Rongmei Naga patriots who fought and died for his country. His youthful life sacrificed was the price paid for the cost of freedom of the people. The Day is observed to mark the heroic and historic deed of Jadonang. He had committed a resolute act of defying the foes in order to defend people and their land. He stood firmed like a rock in his principle and to the cause to die for till his last. No words of surrender or act of withdrawal was uttered or left behind him when he died. Jadonang was hanged for refusing to submit or succumb to the invading policy and force of the British colonial imperialism in the land. He defied the rule of the foreigners to defend Makaam's people and their land The time, Indian Territory was not yet demarcated/constituted and Manipur state boundary not curved. It was this spirit and rights that moved the people to rebel and resist all outside invading and occupational forces.

The British attempted to penetrate their rule over the hill people by sending their assistant political agents and military forces along. Jadonang (1905-1931) was perhaps the first Nagas martyr who was hanged at the British scaffold. He out rightly denounced the foreign rule at the face of the cruel imperialists and invaders. He vehemently opposed the introduction of foreign religion and culture. He resisted Force taxation and claim of dominion over the people and land. He projected the indigenous original faith before the world, defended the rights of the people over their culture, faith and the land. He fought as a non-conformist against the dominating force. He organized a rebel movement called "No Tax Movement" and "Civil Right Movement (Makaam mei rui Gwanghtu puni); Makaam People will reign in their land. Sir Robert Reid, the then Governor of Assam, British India termed "The Naga Raj Movement" as reported by J.C.Higgins a political agent of Manipur province. He raised a regional resistance force (Makaam Riphian) about 500 soldiers (men and women) who were later slain, imprisoned and tortured to death.

Few survived yet weakened and aged by the effects of persecution. Thousands of his tribesmen and villagers were persecuted, women molested and raped before their husbands and parents in broad daylight, thousands were enslaved and sent to different far flung areas in the region and abroad as porters, sweepers, cooks, watchmen and personal servants. Unnumbered Rongmei Naga youths were taken abroad as slaves. Only few returned home. Villagers were imposed with heavy fines and penalties for supporting the movement. Force conversion to Christianity meted and disadvantaged the indigenous faith. When the pressure of suppression was at the zenith, He was ultimately sentenced to crueiest act of hanging on the gallows/scaffold on 29th August 1931 at the river side of Nambol Imphal. No Criminal investigation report against him could be established to substantiate for such act of penalty except for reason and presumption that, the Anti-colonial Naga Movement would be plucked in the bud if Jadonang were put to death. The implicated case of murder as alleged against Jadonang was not sufficient ground and reason to justify the execution. The supposed crime against the British Government was the prime reason to which Jadonang and his men were convicted and succumbed. The alleged case of murder was labeled only to validate and corroborate the baleful design of the British policy to destroy the movement by killing the key and ring leader.

All actual evidences leading to the murder of Jadonang with the vindictive policy of the British was later brought to light for all to see. Judges and noble thinkers of the time stood aghast at the extremely unjust treatment meted to him without a tint and tone of compassion upon the veiled innocent. The judgment has been set and the sentence was promptly pronounced with a cruel vocal in a show of wrath and rage against the Nagas and their movement in general To the utter surprise and dismay of the British, the spirit and seed of defiant and resistance continued even to greater height by Gaidinliu who was absconded from the jail and the scene of hanging Jadonang. The fact has resulted re-enforcement of the British operational forces against the movement and greater degree of atrocities was committed upon the people She was captured and imprisoned for life so as Naga Movement could be forever closed and finished. The movement has set ablaze the fire of Freedom Movement in the hearts of the Nagas far and near in Naga Hills of Assam and Manipur Provincial state. Thus the regional anti-colonial movement was set in the history as lighthouse of National freedom Movement in the Northeast region since then.

Commemorating the death of Jadonang as a Naga Martyr by the Rongmei Naga Youths signifies a show of remonstration against all despotic invading forces and outrage over brutal killers We value and remember in admiration the daring service he rendered for the people and nation. We recognized him to be the founder and mover of the Naga movement for freedom in their land. He is also recognized as the Naga Hero figure fighter for his valiant spirit displayed at the face of tyrannical enemies. The synchronized Naga (Makaam) movement (1891-1947) and the rising tide of Naga Club (1918) with submission of memorandum to the Simon Commission of 1929 was the basis of the Nagas' struggle for freedom in their homeland. Therefore the Naga Raj movement and the coincident rising of Naga Club upto the formation of NNC in 1946 have a connecting link incorporating the Naga story of struggle for self determination'and freedom. Denying the fact could mean refuting the history. There can be no plant without its seed planted and rooted on the ground. Subsequently, the Indo-Naga war of independent since its initial struggle continues at momentum culminating into its final stage with the Government of India. Now all is well that ends well stage of reasoning and realization has come to its reality for Nagas and Indians.

Therefore the Nagas' long persistence struggle for justice and freedom is the human birthright to be recognized and respected. The Nagas too as a people and Nation are struggling for human freedom on equal footing on ground with the rest of the Nations and people of the world.The people are paying their high tribute of respect and love to the Martyrdom of those freedom fighters; counting the values and costs of their sacrifices and sufferings made in the cause of liberating the people. Hence every 29th August is collectively observed in honor and great respect paying to those legendary patriots and freedom fighters of the people. The day is taken on account of the death of Jadonang who offered a supreme sacrifice of his own dear life as the cost of freedom of the people at the British scaffold/gibbet on 29th August 1931. Equal importance and recognition be accorded to Jadonang with the death of Bhagat Singh.who was hanged on March 23, 1931 and Shivram Raj Guru, and Sukhdev of Jalandhar, as well. Their Death was richly accounted in the history of the Nation. It is all because the people know their heroes and worship in admiration. They admire, uplift and follow the path of valiant course trodden by their heroes and heroines. The people of Jalandhar don't count or talk about the limitations, weaknesses or persona! shortcoming of their hero-leaders; no faultfinding no belittling comments on them but only talked about the success points that are gainful for the common good of the people. We too ought to think and do like-wise even with greater common sense. Small and idle hearts talk negatives about others. Big and noble hearts talk positives about others. The quality of a tribe or nation is the quality of its citizens. The pride of a nation is progressive achievements of its citizens.

Yours Sincerely

  1. Gwangphun


Rongmei Naga Youth Organisation


Published in Letter to the Editor

CCPUR | Sept 11

The Khuga Battalion today launched "Mission Ujala" to provide electricity with an aim to help the villagers from far flung areas located at the Indo-Myanmer border. The initiative was taken under the theme of Self Observed and Initiated Little (SOIL).

The battalion said that aim of the mission is to provide electricity or light through generators present at the battalion's companies. Electricity has already been given to three border villages of Zoukhonou, Hiangtam Khonou and C. Lanchah.

The villagers have now extended their working hours and become more productive. They also expressed their gratitude to the battalion.

Published in News
Tuesday, 12 September 2017 00:00

UGs arrested

IMPHAL | Sept 11

One alleged active member of RPF/PLA identified as Haobijam Chinglensana Meitei alias Sana (39), son of H. Lokeshwor Meitei from Sarik Khalok Leikai was arrested yesterday by a combined team of district police commando, Thoubal and 39 Assam Rifles after conducting frisking and checking at Kakching Bazar area.

Another alleged, active cadre of KYKL identified as Wahengbam Kiran alias Apeisana Singh (22), son W. Pahari Singh from Kumbi Thingel Laibung Makhong was arrested on September 8 by a combined team of district police commando, Bishnupur and 5/11 GR after conducting a search operation at Kumbi Bazar area near auto-rickhshaw parking, said a release.

Meanwhile, a drug peddler identified as Mina (33), wife of Md Kayamuddin from Lilong Yangbi Leikai was arrested on September 9 by teams of district police commando, Thoubal and Lilong PS along with women police after conducting patrolling at Lilong Yangbi Leikai, it said.  138 WY tables along with 7.71 grams of heroin powder were seized from her possession, it continued. Investigation revealed that she was involved in selling of illegal drugs, it added.

Published in News
Tuesday, 12 September 2017 00:00


IMPHAL | Sept 11

Leihoumee Ngakpa Lup (LEINGAKLUP) has appealed to the government to take up measures for checking illegal Rohingya Muslims from entering into Manipur and urged all the people to remain vigilant.

Regarding the upcoming 5th General Panchayat Election for the post of Zilla Parishad, Pradhan, and Member, LEINGAKLUP has appealed that non-locals should not be allowed to be nominated and the people should not give them any votes, in a release.

There have been previous cases where many refugees came in to the state and got mixed up amongst the people without leaving any traces, it said. The organisation urges the government to stop the influx of non-locals, it added.

Published in News
Tuesday, 12 September 2017 00:00

Heirok branch canal construction meeting

IMPHAL | Sept 11

Irrigation and flood control minister, Letpao Haokip chaired a meeting to discuss issue pertaining to construction of Heirok branch canal of Thoubal Multipurpose Project today at the conference hall of Old Secretariat.

After due deliberation, the members decided to take up construction works of Heirok branch canal at the earliest with the cooperation of all stake holders.

The meeting was, amongst others, attended by revenue minister, Karam Shyam, education minister and MLA of Heirok A/C Th. Radheshyam, revenue commissioner, Th. Chitaranjan Singh, secretary of IFCD, Gopen Meitei, Thoubal DC, L. Nabakishore Singh, chief engineer of IFCD, G. Robindro Sharma, director of Manipur Remote Sensing Application Centre (MARSAC) N. Randhir Singh, director of settlement, Salam Somorjit Singh and other high ranking officials of the IFCD.

Published in News
Tuesday, 12 September 2017 00:00

AR lecture on health and hygiene

IMPHAL | Sept 11

A lecture on health and hygiene was organised by 11 Assam Rifles of 26 Sector Assam Rifles for local populace of H Mongjang village, Tengnoupal district on September 9, said a release by PRO IGAR (S).

It said the programme was conducted by medical team from 11 Assam Rifles. During the lecture villagers were explained the importance of personal hygiene, sanitation, causes of different lifestyle diseases and remedial measures to be adopted in order to maintain good health. A total of 70 persons including 44 Children attended the interaction.

Published in News
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About IFP

Imphal Free Press is a widely circulated English daily published in Manipur, North-East India. Started in 1996, it has relocated its head office from Sega Road, Imphal to Palace Gate, Imphal.

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