From Our Correspondent
LAMKA | August 8
On the 10th Anniversary of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) adopted by the UN General Assembly on September 13, 2007, the Zomi Human Rights Foundation has expressed to call upon all to honour the rights of indigenous peoples.
A statement issued by the department of information and publicity of the Zomi Human Rights Foundation, (ZHRF) said various aspects of problems faced by the indigenous Zo people, will be highlighted on August 9.
In the statement foundation called for the recommendations like protection of the rights of the Indigenous Zo peoples and their rights to be humane as an imperative, safeguarding the rights of the indigenous peoples cannot be contradicted to the objectives of national unity nor developmental goals, the effective implementation of Acts and Laws meant for the protection of the indigenous Zo peoples is an utmost necessity for their survival as a people.
It further said that State should take the initiative and continues their efforts to enter into speedy settlement with the signatories of the indigenous Zo people who had signed the Suspension of Operation (SoO) to work out constructive legal and political arrangement within a spirit of mutual respect autonomy and self-determination.
The statement also stated that militarisation, frequent repression by the state actor and the excess of non-state actor are the main sources for the violation of the right to be humane embedded on the indigenous Zo peoples.
Political crimes, fake encounter and various abuses are committed in the names of safeguarding security and fight against terrorism, it said adding that such excess and repression brought about a deadly toll on indigenous Zo peoples and needs a serious retrospection.
It further said that any legislation by state should incorporate the protection of indigenous peoples and their property, their rights over land, forest areas, pastures and other natural resources with due regard to indigenous customary laws, traditional lifestyles and cultural values and for the implementation of any developmental programme on land that belongs to the indigenous people.
In pursuance of any acts or legislations, the government should adhere to all norms and procedure, obtained the free, prior and informed consent of the indigenous people in accordance with the International standard and practices, it added.
By Sanjoo Thangjam
The Buddha always extolled the great benefit to be deprived from association with nature. He discouraged the destruction of plants and animals for the pleasure.
I, Sanjoo, am of the NATURE to age; I have not gone beyond ageing;
I, Sanjoo, am of the NATURE to sickness; I have not gone beyond sickness;
I, Sanjoo, am subjected to my own karma and I am not free from karmic effects;
I am of NATURE to die, I have not gone beyond dying; and all that is mine, beloved and pleasing, will change and will become separated from me.
Buddhism does not waste time in fighting against belief in God or Gods but it is indubitably and irrefutably accept as true that the Natural World itself is a CREATOR.
- WHAT IS NATURE?
Nature is made up of conflicting processes and forces. Socrates said that nature is not an accidental chaos as the previous sophists had thought but it is rather an ordered array of interacting agencies, which on the whole support one another. Thus each part of the human organism serves the other and benefits the whole.
- NATURE IS THE CREATOR
Nature involves our natural surroundings. It includes trees, birds, bacteria, clouds, wind, rocks, stars, etc. It also includes sounds we can hear, heat that we can feel, and gravity that pulls us to the earth. In short, it includes everything and anything that is ‘NATURAL’, not made by anybody.
In the early history of mankind, the natural environment was the source of food and shelter. Natural materials were used to fashion tools and natural fires were tamed to provide heat and light. The calls of animals could indicate danger or mere contentment and man learned to know the difference because life depended on a large part upon such knowledge.
Lightning and thunder were frightening until their nature was understood. Man was curious about their surroundings and tried to find out just how ordinary rocks or minerals might be changed to precious metals such as gold and silver. Much of what was in part observed, and in part-imagined, became folklore, and various sayings about the weather were passed from generation to generation. When a written language was developed much of what had been passed by word became written record and many aspects of nature were included in such writings. The great religious leaders found that the use of common place knowledge about nature could be made the basis of their moral and ethical lessons.
More and more people are growing aware of our dwindling natural resources. Thus, there is added impetus to the hope that an understanding and love of nature will bring about a public opinion that will safeguard and conserve our resources, so that our future generations can have much study and enjoy in our natural environment.
Buddhism has always been associated with nature. The Buddha was born under a tree and gained enlightenment under a tree and spent many hours in the seclusion of jungles. He even passed away under the shade of two trees.
- FIVEFOLD LAW OR NATURAL ORDER OF EXISTENCE
- UTU NIYAMA:
It refers to the physical, inorganic order. This order includes such phenomena as the seasonal winds and rains, the unerring sequence of the four seasons, characteristic seasonal changes and events, the causes of wind and rains, the nature of heat, etc.
It refers to the physical organic order. This order includes such phenomena as germs and seeds: How rice is produced from rice seed, how sugar taste results from sugarcane or honey, the peculiar characteristics of certain fruits, etc. The scientific theory of cells and genes and the physical similarity of twins may be ascribed to this order.
III. KARMA NIYAMA:
It refers to the order of action (condition) and result. This natural law states that desirable and undesirable acts produce corresponding good and bad results. As such as water seeks its own level, so does karma, given opportunity, produce its inevitable result – not in the form of reward or punishment but as the way of the sun and the moon.
- DHARMA NIYAMA:
It refers to the order of the norm; e.g. the natural phenomena occurring at the advent of a Bodhisatva in his last birth, gravitation and other similar laws of nature. Morality and so forth may be included in this group.
It refers to the order of the mind or psychic laws. This order includes such phenomena as processes of consciousness, constituents of consciousness, power of mind, etc. All psychic phenomena, which are inexplicable to modern science, are included in this order: telepathy, telesthesia , retro cognition, premonition, clairvoyance, clairaudience, thought reading, etc.
- NATURE STILL FORGIVES MAN
In the name of the progress, the world has been wrecked by human beings for their personal comfort, disregarding the environment and all living things. Up until now, nature has been must forgiving. Man has to realise that this planet was not made for him to rape and plunder at will, and deprive other living things of their natural rights, but to live in accordance with nature.
5.THE WORLD IS NOT FOR HUMAN BEINGS ALONE
The world is not for human beings alone, nor the world always made out in their favour. Worldly conditions have no favouritism; they are neither kind nor cruel but neutral. Human beings exist because nature allows them to do so. It is the duty of human beings to understand the real worldly condition.
- HOW BUDDHISM SUPPORTS THE ENVIRONMENT
One who has taken shelter under the tree should not cut down even its branches. He who does that is an ungrateful person. Those who plant trees, which give shelter and fruits to living beings, earn merits.
The writer is a Lay Buddhist and Human Rights Activist of PUDs(People Who Use Drugs)
By A Staff Reporter
IMPHAL | Aug 8
Nationwide observation of Deworming Day will be observed on August 10 at state level too at directorate of health services, Lamphel.
It was notified by mission director of National Health Mission, Manipur, Dr. K. Lokendro Singh in a press meet held at its office.
He said that this is the second phase of national Deworming Day for this year and in this observation day, deworming tablets will be administered free of cost to children of one to 19 years of age.
Deworming medicine called Albendazole which is a safe drug for children and adults will be distributed at schools and Anganwadi centres during the observation day. And those who could not get the tablets on that day can access again on August 17, a mop-up day, notified Lokendro.
He further cited that worm infections can cause “anemia, malnourishment, impaired mental and physical development and may cause a serious threat to children’s health, education and productivity”.
For prevention of worm infections, one should not defecate in the open, always wash hands with soap before food and after using toilet, to keep nails short and clean and to keep the surrounding clean, he suggested.
Few works of art has more convincingly portrayed the irreconcilability of racial identities than in French existentialist author Albert Camus well known short story, “The Guest” set against the backdrop of the Algerian resistance movement against French colonialism. In it, a white school teacher, by ancestry a Frenchman but in every other sense of the word a son of the Algerian soil, who even disregards and disobeys government overtures to coopt him in the fight to subdue the rebellion, discovers to his profound sorrow how unbridgeable the divide between the races are in a graffiti message on the blackboard written by his students and directed at him. It is a beautiful picture of the human spiritual and psychological landscape the artist paints, bringing out its complex nuances without attempting any serious analysis as to how or why things were as they were. Then along came the scientists to do the reductive and constructive analyses as it were. Sudhir Kakkar’s “Colours of Violence” in many ways is an explanation of such a divide, although his term of reference is neither Algeria nor Camus’ writings. Instead, Kakkar, who calls himself a “pragmatic liberal and an agnostic mystic” studies the phenomenon of communal riots in India between the Hindus and Muslims, and comes to the conclusion that there is something much deeper and fundamental in the identity divide than the usual explanation that it is a fallout of sinister machination of colonial politics. He does not align with the rabid hatred and paranoiac sense of persecution preached by fanatical religious leaders and politicians, but all the same takes pains to point out the shallowness of the liberal view of history as a function of the present – that the past is malleable and the shape it takes will depend on the interpretation of the present to suit its conveniences. While this does happen, it fails to explain too many problematic points. Why would the identity divides persist amongst communities after generations of sharing and living together, as Camus so poignant brings out in “The Guest” or affinities in familial and social bonding remain after generations of separation and radically different social engineering as in the case of East and West Germans that Kakkar cites in his book.
In the wake of an increase in the concern for ethnic identity question often bordering on xenophobia that the state is witnessed to in the present times, this debate is extremely relevant – both to understand the dynamics at work that led to the cataclysm, but more importantly, to build the foundation for future government policies to prevent more such tragedies. A bit of such debates do happen occasionally on the public forums such as those provided by the media, but it needs to be taken further. Does the divide exist only at the instrumental level or is there something more fundamental? The answer to this question is important, for on it would depend the soundness of government policies, and consequently the health of future relations between the communities. We are of the opinion that it is important for the government to acknowledge both the instrumental as well as primordial factors in the making of group identities, and then evolve effective administrative policies. Integrate what can be integrated immediately but give time to other areas that require more time before the idea of a gradual but inevitable coming together of identities becomes acceptable to them. This also means, there must be graceful allowance for distinctness where total integration cannot be achieved without detriment to the social organisms. In the emphasis on making only politically correct statements, the danger is of neglecting (or else ignoring) uncomfortable but all the same undeniable constituents of the problem. Such deliberate or unintended oversights can only come to be stumbling blocks in the way of a lasting resolution to the problem. We can think of the picture of the ostrich hiding its head in the sand to describe the situation. In tackling this problem, the bull must be taken by the horns, and this would entail acknowledging and addressing the uncomfortable realities as well. One of these is the often expressed apprehension that a radical alteration in the demographic profile of not just Manipur, but the entire Northeast region, may end up marginalising local populations. This is not a question of being subversive to national interest, as many slavish loyalists so fastidiously claims is the case. In fact Manipur and the other Northeast states must engage the Union government in this debate for a more comprehensive future demography policy.
From Our Correspondent
BISHNUPUR| Aug 8
Under the supervision of the ministry of youth affairs and sports, government of India, a mass cleanliness drive was organised by the NSS Unit I and II of S. Kula Womens College, Nambol, Bishnupur district.
The cleanliness drive was held under the theme “Celebration of Swachhta Pakhwada fortnight” by 200 volunteers and staff of the college at the surrounding areas of Nambol bazaar and inside the campus of the college.
Programme officer of Unit I, I. Dinamani Singh said that they had conducted the cleanliness drive for a period of 15 days starting from August 1 to 15, at the surrounding areas of Nambol Bazaar and within the campus of the college with a goal to keep the place dirt free and more hygienic.
IMPHAL | Aug 8
Under the guidance and supervision of the deputy commissioner, Thoubal the nehru yuva kendra Thoubal & zonal education office, Thoubal organised a cleanliness drive at Khongjom War Memorial Complex and Wangjing Bazar and its surroundings today.
The cleaning of the Wangjing market was conducted by 55 NYK volunteers and staffs of Wangjing municipal council which started at 6:30 am, said a release. The students and teachers of Phundrei High School and Ureka High School cleaned up the Khongjom War Memorial Complex in the morning, it said adding a total of 115 students and teachers took part along with the NYK officials in the cleanliness programme at Khongjom Kheba Ching. The students joined the drive under the guidance of ZEO, Thoubal, it added.
Meanwhile, the NYK and public health engineering department organised a one day awareness and interaction programme on better health, hygiene and sanitation with the resource persons from PHED, CCDU and medical department at Praja High School, Lamsang, it continued. 80 male and 42 female students attended in the awareness programme, it added.
IMPHAL | Aug 8
The department of commerce, Manipur University has notified that the entrance test for admission to M.Com 1st semester will be held on August 17 at 11 am in the department of commerce.
Admit cards will be issued from Aug 10th to 16th in all working days from 11 am to 4 pm, said a release. Candidates are informed to bring their original/relevant documents for verification while coming for collection of the admit cards, it added.
IMPHAL | Aug 8
Human Rights Defender, Manipur (HRDM) has informed that it will organise a public meeting on August 12, against the case of employment fraud by Information Technology and Broadcasting Service Ltd, N.E Branch (ITBS).
HRDM will organise the meeting at the Manipur press club, Major Khul, said a release. The organisation has requested all the employees and victims of the said institution to attend the meeting, it said adding interested CSOs, local clubs, meira paibis, ITBS staff committee and the board of director, ITBS are also invited. Further information can be obtained from the number 09862031336, it added.
IMPHAL | Aug 8
Department of Anthropology, Manipur University has notified that the entrance test for admission into M.Sc course for the subject, 2017 will be held on August 17 at 11 am in the premises of the department.
A release said that list of eligible candidates can be seen in the notice board of the department and added that eligible candidates can collect their admit cards between August 6 and 16 during office hours on all working days.
IMPHAL | Aug 8
It has been notified by the public health engineering department today that it has cancelled the recruitment process for the application of office assistant cum computer operator, and fresh applications are invited.
Fresh applications are invited from intending candidates for the appointment to the posts of office assistant cum computer operator, said a release. The same post is given reservation of one vacancy for differently abled person (DAP), it said adding the date of requisition from employment exchange is August 16 and the last date is August 24.