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Imphal Free Press - Imphal Free Press
Monday, 17 July 2017 00:00

Army organises free medical camp

BISHNPUR| July 16

A free medical camp was organised today by Maibam Youth Club cum Library Nambol in collaboration with 5 th JAK Rifles of Nambol Maibam at Iputhou Loyalakpa Community Hall, Maibam Chingmang under Nambol Assembly constituency.

The camp was inaugurated by the commanding officers of 5JAK Rifles Maibam post and Tulihal post and also personally supervised the programme till it was over. Treatment and consultation was carried out by a homeopathy doctor of 5JAK Rifles and another from general medicine. The camp was assisted by pharmacists, male nurses and other paramedical staffs. 

Patients from the flood affected areas of Nambol i.e Maibam, Sabal Leikai, Kongham, Naorem and from other villages lying at a close distance came to visit the health camp. They were all given treatment and consultations free of costs.

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From Our Correspondent

KANGPOKPI | July 16

His family backgrounds and economic condition is no better than others but he has proven that determination is more important than background and sound economy by becoming the second highest rank holder among the tribal students in the matric 2017.

Born in a poor family of (L) Ngamkholun Lupho and Nemnu Lupho of Thangkanphai village, Saikul as the youngest among the six, Lungoulen Lupho scripted history in the education of newly created Kangpokpi district, if not the entire district, definitely in Saikul sub-division also commonly known as Zilhom area by bagging the 12th position.

The boy since his childhood has a quality of docility towards his illiterate parents who scale the steep slope of Saikul hills engaging in farming to support their children’s education.

However, his schooling and solid determination almost crumbled when his father passed away in 2005 as numerous hurdles loomed large over his family which compelled his eldest sister Lhingneichong alias Chochong to shoulder all the burdens by starting a small business in Imphal.

Among other siblings, Lungoulen Lupho stayed with his eldest sister in Imphal and resumed schooling at Eagle School, Imphal till Class III and studied Class-IV at Diamond Sower Academy in Thangkanphai village, Saikul and continued his academic career at Tiny Tots’ School, Imphal till he scripted the record in the annals of Saikul Zilhom education in HSLC Examination 2017.

Much to the dismay of the family and more particularly Lungoulen Lupho, just ahead of HSLC, Examination 2017 results, his sister, the sole supporter of their education unexpectedly passed away due to cancer before experiencing the fruits of her hard works and endurance.

The feat and who Lungoulen Lupho is today could be termed as the ‘corollary’ of his sister’s boldness to shoulder the burden of the family and it has obviously proved that she had opted the right decision to shoulder the responsibility of his education.

Lungoulen Lupho family’s condition has no difference from many other backwards families except his elder brother serving in the Indian Air Force.

Many urged the chief minister and education minister to help the poor brilliant boy who aspires to become a civil servant to serve the poor and needy people and encourage him to hold on his determination and make better records.

He talked about the education of Manipur and his determination to become a civil servant, after a felicitation function organised by Thangkanphai Village Authority and Thangkanphai Youth Club yesterday to the media.

Vice-chairman, ADC Sadar Hills, pastor of  Thangkanphai Baptist Church Thangjakam Misao, Rev. L. James, Saikul CVOs leader apart from the Thangkanphai villagers, church members attended the felicitation program of Lungoulen Lupho at the community hall.

Speaking to media persons, Lungoulen Lupho said that if he could meet the chief minister he will definitely conveyed his opinions on government schools in the state as the poor and needy people from both the valley and hill could not afford to go to private institutions.

 “It will be in the larger interest of the student community more particularly the poor and needy students to enhance the government schools at par with private schools with respect to facilities including infrastructures, teaching skills, etc.”, added Lupho.

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Newmai News Network

IMPHAL | July 16

Leaders of several organizations from Mizoram and leaders of the Joint Action Committee Against Anti-Tribal Bills (JAC-AATB) are now fervently camping in New Delhi for “a separate administrative setup for the tribal people of Outer Manipur including the Zo (Chin-Kuki-Zomi/Mizo) descendants of southern Manipur”. Mangchinkhup, one of the leaders in the delegation told Newmai News Network this evening over phone that after six days of camping in New Delhi the tribal leaders are returning back on July 17 (Monday),

This report came few days after both civil society organizations and political parties based in Mizoram had submitted a memorandum to Prime Minister, Narendra Modi demanding a “separate administration for the Zo people (Chin-Kuki-Mizo/Zomi) in the present Manipur at the same status as that of the Nagas be made outside the ambit of the Manipur Government.”

According to JAC-AATB leader Mangchinkhup, representatives from Mizoram civil society organizations and political parties along with the JAC-AATB are camping in New Delhi since July 11 to appraise the Union Government of the situation pertaining to some of the terms of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between the JAC-AATB and Manipur Government by “emphasizing the need for a separate administrative setup for the tribal people of Outer Manipur including the Zo (Chin-Kuki-Zomi/Mizo) descendants of southern Manipur”.

Meanwhile, a JAC-AATB press note stated that a joint delegation met various Union Government officials and leaders from the North East Region including R.N. Ravi, the Interlocutor for the ongoing Indo-Naga Peace Talks. “With the Indo-Naga Framework Agreement expected to conclude soon, the joint delegation from Manipur and Mizoram appraised the Interlocutor of the mounting apprehensions and concerns of the Zo people in present Manipur; the undying aspiration of the Zo people for integration of their ancestral lands was also discussed at length,” it also stated.

According to the press note, the representatives from Mizoram also submitted a memorandum to the Prime Minister’s Office as well as the Ministry of Home Affairs, and presented a copy of the same to R.N. Ravi which describes the historically distinct identity of the Zo people of Manipur and stressed on the need for them to be able to determine their own future. It also dwelled on the marginalization of the Zo people in Manipur and called for the fulfilment of their enduring desire for integration of Zo ancestral lands under the same administrative unit.

It then said that the the memorandum was signed by various civil society organizations and political parties of Mizoram including the Central Young Mizo Association (CYMA), Mizoram Upa Pawl (MUP), Mizo Hmeichhe Insuihkhawm Pawl (MHIP), Mizo Zirlai Pawl (MZP), Mizo Students’ Union (MSU), Zo Re-unification Organization (ZoRO), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Mizoram State, Indian National Congress – Mizoram Pradesh Congress Committee (MPCC), Mizo National Front (MNF), Zoram Nationalist Party (ZNP) and Mizoram People’s Conference (MPC).

“It may be noted here that two months have passed since the signing of the MoU between the JAC and Manipur Government in the presence of a witness from the Ministry of Home Affairs, but some of the points of understanding are yet to see the light of the day,” the JAC-AATB said.

The press release also said that, with the Government stating its readiness in the MoU to provide all financial assistance for the construction of Tribal Martyrs Park and Tribal Martyrs Hall, ground work for the park at Mata Dam, Lamka was initiated by the JAC with borrowed funds and contributions from well-wishers with the hope that the same may be ready for inauguration on Tribal Unity Day (August 31, 2017). “However, the State Government is yet to release any amount towards the construction of both Tribal Martyrs Park at Lamka as well as Tribal Martyrs Hall at Singngat,” it lamented.

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Newmai News Network

DIMAPUR | July 16

Two vehicles were reportedly burnt down by unknown persons near Hotel Vivor in Kohima where supporters of TR Zeliang who are opposing the leadership of Dr Shurhozelie Liezietsu are being housed.

Sources said that unknown persons in large number came near the hotel this evening around 7 pm and burnt two vehicles. It is still not clear to whom the vehicles belonged.

Some 43 MLAs, both NPF and Independent MLAs, opposing the leadership of Dr Shurhozelie Liezietsu are lodging at Hotel Vivor in Kohima after they had returned from the Kaziranga resort (Assam) for the last two days.

Meanwhile, the Nagaland Government spokesperson who is also a minister Yitachu said that the NPF party is open to a total reconciliation process and “therefore, would not like to place in the public domain the internal matters of the party”.

He said this evening that, certain facts need to be placed on record for the people to know since the issue has surfaced in the public domain through certain press releases.

“In the present scenario, the Leader of the House is Dr.Shürhozelie by virtue of being the Chief Minister and there is no vacancy for the Chief Minister’s post,” Ytachu said.  According to him, there is no Leader of Opposition because it is an opposition-less Government.  “Even if there is an Opposition party in the Assembly, if the number of MLAs is less than 1/6 of the total number of MLAs, one cannot be termed as a Leader of Opposition.  That is why in the 12th House with 8 Congress opposition MLAs, their Legislature Party  Leader could not be termed as Leader of Opposition and was not accorded any official status, but only referred to as Congress Legislature Party leader,” he added.

The Nagaland Government spokesperson then said that “it is unfortunate” that the issue which could  be resolved in the party which is purely an NPF internal party problem has  now been dragged to the  Governor’s office and Speaker’s office. “Both Dr. Shürhozelie Liezietsu and Shri T.R. Zeliang are members of NPF and their differences should be decided in the party forum first,” he added.

“Human memory cannot be that short: Dr. Shürhozelie was forced to take over the CM’s office.  On 26-05-2017 the DAN Legislators Meeting unanimously endorsed the view that Dr. Shürhozelie, Hon’ble Chief Minister should become a Member of the Nagaland Legislative Assembly and work together as a solid team to facilitate the same.  Further, the DAN Legislators appealed to the Election Commission of India to conduct the bye-election for the 10 Northern Angami-I A/C at the earliest,” he added. 

According to him, T.R. Zeliang cannot move a no-confidence motion is simply because he belongs to the party which, the Chief Minister Dr. Shürhozelie heads, that is, the NPF party.  “Therefore, Constitutionally and legally Dr. Shürhozelie still enjoys absolute majority in the House, because, NPF alone commands 47 members in the House of 60,” he added.

“The confidence motion would put the NPF MLAs where they could be disqualified if they voted against the Party Whip. The MLAs are being misguided to say that the Speaker’s office will not disqualify them.  However, the Court is at our door-step and their disqualification will become imminent if the matter is taken to Court because the Constitution and the law of the land is supreme,” Yitachu also said.

The reconciliation process should not be treated as one’s weakness, he stated.  The people desire for peace, development and progress, Yitachu added. “The stability of the DAN Government is in the total interest of the people of the State. Let us not go against the wishes of the people and try to resort to unconstitutional means, but settle differences in party forum through reconciliation. We should carry forward the constitutional obligations mandated by the people to the DAN coalition,” the Nagaland Government spokesperson said.

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By Amar Yumnam
Manipur is almost at a significant turning point today. First, the character and orientation of the provincial government recently formed are very different from those of the predecessor. Second, the social events happening now are a positive contrast to what were before in the previous decades. Third, the semi-exogenous and semi-endogenous forces too are favourably oriented towards an improved socio-political existence for Manipur.
In this column last week, I had talked about three characteristics of Biren as new Chief Minister as marking a departure from his predecessor. Biren is doggedly different from his predecessor as he tries to reverse all the political, social and governance negativities, negatives and irregularities committed by the latter. Biren has also very surprisingly and in a rather fast-thinking way appreciated the biases of the frames of political perception of his previous party and the new destination. He has also shown his aptitude for contextualisation in working for policy interventions.
In an even more significant way, the governance approach of Biren reveals markedly positive qualities as compared to those getting manifested in other parts of India where the party in power are the same. One very unwarranted and undesirable manifestation of the same party in power elsewhere in the country is the rising violent manifestation of exclusionist and domination characteristics of socio-political behaviour. In a healthy contrast to this, Biren has revealed and shown the positive outcomes of inclusion and collective coherence. This approach has reversed the social non-convergence inherited from his predecessor as well as yielded rich socio-political dividends. It has also bridged the disconnect between the government and the public prevalent earlier.
In fact Biren reminds us the significance of connecting with the empirical realities while articulating and thinking about development. During his presence in the United States of America in the second decade of the Nineteenth Century, Frederich List learnt about the superiority of pragmatism and reality-based strategies instead of absolutist and Cosmopolitanism. Later on he wrote: ‘When afterwards I visited the United States, I cast all books aside – they would only have tended to mislead me. The best work on political economy which one can read in that modern land is actual life’. List had a “concept of mental capital .. broader and deeper than in the more individualistic human capital tradition, since List includes collective and historical factors, materialized in communication and collaboration, in informal and formal behaviour, such as habits and institutions, all comprising the ‘Confederation of Labour”  - conception of wealth had to be merged with the understanding of culture, moral and intellectual. For List ‘Mental work is in the social economy what the soul is to the body’. He emphasises “the predominance of human immaterial factors. Therefore, successful development comes from within; the core factors for success concern heart, wits and will: morality, knowledge and self-discipline…Only this will mould other crucial factors like responsibility, self-respect and optimism.”
Biren also reminds us of the traditional East Asian perception of knowledge and valuation of knowledge as to be morally relevant - given the cultural, institutional and political environment. The well-being of the people has always been conceived as converging with prosperity of the state among the East Asian elites.
It is these traits which mark Biren as different from his compatriots in power and from the same party elsewhere in the country. He is giving an alternative model of governing principle to his own party-men. Unlike his predecessor who was overwhelmingly driven by order understood as his continuance in power and his party-men elsewhere largely preoccupied with scheming for dominance, Biren is revealing a deep respect for Animal Spirits. Change and progress do not arise from order. These would however be the consequence of innovation. Well, innovation can come out of only animal spirits taking actions under uncertainty and going out of the order into a disorder; irrationality and disorder are not necessarily bad.
There is now an icing in the cake. The atmosphere of reconnecting between the government and the governed in Manipur, rekindling the spirit of shared past as the future and the arousal of animal spirits are now coupled by a semi-exogenous/semi-endogenous but huge positive shock, i.e., the Supreme Court judgement on Extra Judicial killings which had happened in Manipur under the absolutely undemocratic law empowering the agent for violence on behalf of the state with unlimited as well as unregulated powers. This judgement has come at an absolutely opportune time for Manipur. This has many significant immediate and long term implications. Immediately it is a signal to the governments at various layers that rule of law should be the principle of governance, Manipur or anywhere. Further, it asserts that past misdeeds in social manifestation of governance functioning should be accounted for. This is needed for correcting the character and orientation of those in power, for establishing a sure regularised constraint on social functioning for all and also addressing the agonies of aggrieved parties. Still further, it also implies that the Indian state should rather be a torch-bearer of globally shared human values. In a very significant way, the Supreme Court judgement is advising the government at all levels and in all its wings to rather be alive to the large heterogeneity of India.
Given all these positive developments, the time is now for the government at all levels and in all its wings to once again digest and nurture the heterogeneity of the country to make India evolve into a Rich Nation. In a democracy, the government should not hesitate and be ashamed of admitting as well as reversing any past mistake committed on any group of the component population. Any other issue and interest other than this can be taken care of without in any way compromising the national interests. It would be a shame of a large and heterogeneous country like India if she cannot evolve an atmosphere of convergence between the local and the national interests. It is indeed unfortunate that the state used the “local” of Manipur as something reflecting anti-national in the Supreme Court arguments. The governance should rather be looking as to why seven decades have not been enough to establish convergence of local and national interests. Something somewhere is fundamentally wrong.
(The author is a Professor and Head: Department of Economics, Manipur University)

Published in Articles
Monday, 17 July 2017 00:00

Law and civilisation

It is possible that the recent Supreme Court ruling on alleged fake encounter killings in Manipur, directing the Central Bureau of Investigation, CBI, to probe 83 of the 1528 cases listed by the Extrajudicial Execution Victim Families’ Association Manipur, EEVFAM, and Human Rights Alert, HRA, in their litigation in the court, coincided with the 13th anniversary of the powerful though bizarre naked protest by 12 elderly women in front of the main gate of the Kangla, which at the time was the headquarters of the Assam Rifles, to protest the custodial rape and murder Thangjam Manorama. The demand was also for the repeal of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act, AFSPA, and the impunity it gives the armed forces. Few other verdicts of the judiciary in recent times matches this one in boldly pronouncing the independence of the judiciary from the pulls and pressures of not just the political power corridors, but also those of loud and sweeping public sentiments of misplaced nationalism in these times. Indeed what has made the judgement stand out even more pronouncedly is the fact that it comes at a time the winds of ultra-nationalism is sweeping through the nation, a sentiment which normally also tends to elevate the armed forces to the status of the “holy cow”, therefore beyond reproach. This public nationalistic outlook has been at a peak also because of the faceoff between Indian and Chinese troops at Doklam tri-junction of the Chumbi valley along the India-China-Bhutan border. The judgement therefore is sending out a loud message that there can be no excuse for breaches of the rule of law, regardless of whatever the situation.

The fact is, civilised behaviour has to be defined by rule of law. If a particular set of law at any given situation is unable to size up the situation to ensure the arbitration of justice, the civilised way is to look for modification or upgrading of the law, and this is the responsibility of the lawmakers a democracy elects. Democracy’s beauty is in its ability to delineate these responsibilities. Nobody or no institution can become a law unto itself, regardless of however powerful or influential. The corollary is also, anybody who breaches the law must be brought to book by the law. There will no doubt be people who see shortcomings in this elaborate, and according to them, soft and blunt statecraft, and would happily forgive those who use unwarranted force in pushing what they believe is the national interest. Many of them also would rather have the iron hands of dictatorship sort out India’s nationalistic position even at the cost of causing innocent casualties. The SC ruling is also in this way a reiteration that such thoughts are dangerous and unwarranted. It is a declaration that wilful breaches of law, especially by those given the responsibility to safeguard it, can never be in the interest of not just the nation, but also those of any civilization as well. It is a call for respect of the law, but equally of ensuring the moral legitimacy of the law wherever it is not in keeping with civilizational interest, so that it will earn the respect of everybody. It probably is true democracy has its own severe limitations but let us remember what Churchill once said on this issue: “Democracy is the worst system if not for the others”. For indeed, if democratic laws are thrown into the winds, the choices left would be dictatorship, autocracy, feudal monarchy, fascism etc., and no right thinking person will agree any of these are real choices, or that any of them can deliver justice any better than democracy.

We hope the CBI will be able to do a professional job, not influence by pressures of politics or base nationalistic considerations of giving a free hand to override the law to those fighting even the most severe of radical dissents. We hope as much that they will not be carried away by counter pressures of streets protests and demonstrations, if any, and have their vision fixed on the provisions of the law and if there have been any breaches of it by those under the scanner. As the SC ruling has said so articulately, the counter argument that extraordinary situations demand extraordinary response, is skewed and mischievous logic. Insurgents indulging in extra-judicial executions cannot justify the law also resorting to similar brutality. Moreover, in the climate of impunity from the law that places under AFSPA have been exposed to, it is quite likely many, if not most of those thus killed are innocent, as indeed the stories of many kin of victims do seem to testify. As we see it, the guilts the CBI would probe and try to establish are of two categories. The first is the veracity of the charge of extra-judicial custodial killing of a victim, regardless of the possible guilt of the person thus killed. This guilt is for the judiciary to decide not the executive. The second is whether any of the victims are free of even the guilt of association with an unlawful organisation. Both are wrong, but the latter is not just a crime in the legal sense, but also of the moral understanding of justice.

Published in Editorial
Monday, 17 July 2017 00:00

Lecture on disease

IMPHAL | July 16

The 11 Assam Rifles conducted a lecture on “Communicable diseases during monsoons” at H. Mongjang village, Moreh of Tengnoupal district on July 15 2017. The aim of the lecture was to make the local populace aware of common diseases like malaria, dengue, swine flu etc during monsoon. Importance of maintaining hygiene and sanitation was explained to the villagers.

Published in News
Monday, 17 July 2017 00:00

Jiribam murder

IMPHAL| July 16

The villagers of Dibong have organised a public meeting against the killing of one Kangabam Birchandra Singh and expressed strong condemnation against the crime.

The victim, who was killed in the evening of July 8 by a knife attack, led a simple life by earning his daily wages through hard work, said a joint release by Dibong Ahal Lup and Chandam Kamal. A two minute silence was held, expressing grief over the loss, it said. The lup has appealed to the Jiribam police to arrest the criminals and bring them to justice, it added.

Published in News
Monday, 17 July 2017 00:00

UGHDC appeals

IMPHAL | July 16

United Golapati Hatta Development Council (UGHDC) has appealed the chief minister of Manipur and authority concerned to construct a traffic island at the junction near Public Hospital in view of the frequent accidents and traffic jam along Hatta Bazar to Checkon road.

A release said that the people are facing lot of difficulties due to jams and junction in front of the Public hospital has become a frequent accidental zone.

It further urged the CM and authority concerned to construct the traffic island for the welfare of the people.

Published in News
Monday, 17 July 2017 00:00

Leadership programme organised

From Our Correspondent

BISHNUPUR| July 16

United Educated Multipurpose Self-Employed Voluntary Organisation Nambol has organised a leadership programme at Laining Khoriphaba Community Hall, Nambol yesterday.

President of UEMSEVO, Mangisor Singh, secretary Ajitkumar Heirangkhongjam, Manager HRD, Ksh. Anita Devi attended as presidium members at the programme.

Anita said that the organisation UEMSEVO was created for the purpose of providing self-employment to the youth who have skills to work.  The leadership programme was organised so that many basic necessities for daily life can be produced by the skilled workers of the state.

Various trainings for self–employment and job-oriented skill development have been given by the organisation and will continue to do so, she said.

Mangisor said, staying unemployed at home after getting education from abroad is not a sign of development. The government cannot provide jobs to all and real development will come when we can earn from our skills and live very productive lives, he added.

 We should do away with talks about getting a government jobs and getting big salaries and must focus on the skills we have and work hard to earn, he said. Many people from different areas of Manipur attended the programme.

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Imphal Free Press is a widely circulated English daily published in Manipur, North-East India. Started in 1996, it has relocated its head office from Sega Road, Imphal to Palace Gate, Imphal.

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